Bush encroachment is one of the key agricultural challenges in Namibia. To date it is estimated that more than half of the country’s prime rangelands are affected by the phenomenon. In figures, this affects 30 to 45 million hectares which is more than 30 per cent of Namibia’s land area. The most significant consequences of bush encroachment are reduced carrying capacity of affected rangeland, groundwater recharge and the loss of biodiversity. While bush encroachment constitutes as an immense challenge, it also provides an opportunity for economic development in Namibia. The accumulated biomass resulting from bush thinning can be gainfully used, making it an economically viable resource for value addition opportunities. Against this brief background, the Namibia University of Science and Technology (NUST) embarked on this project on a cooperation for research and development for bush-based products, technology transfer as well as applied research on bush control.